Functional Morphology of the Miocene Hominoid Foot (Contributions to Primatology, Vol. 22) -

Laboratory Primate Newsletter Volume 25 Number 2.

Functional Morphology of the Miocene Hominoid Foot. John H. Langdon. Contribu-tions to Primatology, Vol. 22. New York: Kar-ger, 1986. 236 pp. $41.75 cloth. MARIAN DAGOSTO Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Volume 22 of the Contributions to Prima-tology series presents the results of Langdon's doctoral dissertation research on the foot. COVID-19 Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus COVID-19 is available from the World Health Organization current situation, international travel.Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from thissearch.OCLC’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. Functional Morphology of the Miocene Hominoid Foot Contributions to Primatology, Vol. 22. John H. Langdon. Basel: Karger, 1986. 226 Pp. [Price: $41.75.].. This monograph reconstructs, by means of comparison of the fossils with extant catarrhines, the function of the foot in the locomotor repertoire of Miocene hominoids. An insightful new work, Function, Phylogeny, and Fossils integrates two practices in paleobiology which are often separated - functional and phylogenetic analysis. The book summarizes the evidence on paleoenvironments at the most important Miocene hominoid sites and relates it.

Dec 30, 2018 · Hominoids, in particular, are distinct in showing round and relatively big proximal humeri with lowered tubercles and flattened and oval glenoid cavities, morphology suited to engage in a wide range of motions, which enables the use of locomotor behaviors such as suspension. Recent molecular studies suggest that the divergence among the extant African great apes and humans occurred during the late Middle and early Late Miocene Steiper and Young, 2006.At present, however, there is a large chronological gap 12.5–7 Ma in the African hominoid fossil record.In 1982, a maxillary fragment of a large hominoid was discovered from early Late Miocene deposits 9.6.

O’connor BL. Functional morphology of cercopithecoid wrist and inferior radioulnar joints, and their bearing on some problems in evolution of hominoidea. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1975; 13 1:113–121. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330430115. Lewis OJ. Functional morphology of the evolving hand and foot. Oxford: Clarendon Press; 1989. 8, 21, 22. Recently, guided by Miocene hominoids and early hominin Ardipithecus ramidus ARA-VP-6/500, some mor-phologies seen in early hominins e.g., lower ilium length, proximal femoral morphology are understood to be primitive retentions rather than functional traits linked to bipedal ad-aptation 23–28. Dental Functional Morphology offers an alternative to the received wisdom that teeth merely crush, cut, shear or grind food and shows how teeth adapt to diet. Providing an analysis of tooth action based on an understanding of how food particles break, it shows how tooth form from the earliest mammals to modern-day humans can be understood using. 1982 Functional Morphology of the Hip and Thigh of the Lorisiforms. Amer. J. Phys. Anthrop. 58:118-119. 1984 A Survey of Living Primates and Their Anatomy. Z. Fur Tierpsy. 1984 Master of Multiple Dimensions. Amer. J. Primatol. 7:151-154. 1984 A Complete Guide to Monkeys, Apes and Other Primates. Animal Kingdom. 1984 Five New World Primates. Quart. Analysis of fossil evidence has shown that Miocene hominoids differ morphologically from any group of living primates. Certain features present in Miocene hominoids could be found in Atelinae and living Asian apes but they are limited to some functional regions of the postcrania only.

Functional Morphology of the Miocene Hominoid Foot (Contributions to Primatology, Vol. 22)

Mar 01, 2003 · Differences in foot morphology do exist between the two groups but further research is required to establish the polarity of the characters. J.H LangdonFunctional morphology of the Miocene hominoid foot. Contributions to Primatology, 22 1986, pp. 1-225. Google Scholar. Rose M. Locomotor anatomy of Miocene hominoids.In: Gebo D, ed. Functional Morphology of the Foot in Primates, 1993, DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press; 252–272. Google Scholar 66.

The functional morphology of this bone is consistent with interpretations of other postcranial remains of Sivapithecus, indicating that it was primarily arboreal and had a varied locomotor repertoire consisting of both pronograde quadrupedalism and occasional antipronograde activities such as vertical climbing. Hominoid remains from Miocene deposits in India and Pakistan have played a pivotal role in understanding the evolution of great apes and humans since they were first described in the 19th Century. We describe here a hominoid maxillary fragment preserving the canine and cheek teeth collected in 2011 from the Kutch = Kachchh basin in the Kutch district, Gujarat state, western India. Introduction. Darwin's great insight, and the unifying principle of biology today, is that all species are related to one another like sisters, cousins, and distant kin in a vast family tree of life. Sanders, W. J. & Bodenbender, B. E. Morphometric analysis of lumbar vertebra UMP 67-28: implications for spinal function and phylogeny of the Miocene Moroto hominoid. J. Hum. Evol. 26, 203–237.

Jan 06, 2015 · The living apes share a number of important morphological similarities of torso and limbs; torsos are broad and shallow, lumbar regions short, and forelimbs adapted to mobility. For more than a century it was assumed that most of these similarities are homologous, reflecting descent from a common ancestor with these features. As the ape fossil record slowly expands, the story becomes more. A partial hominoid skeleton just older than 15 million years from sediments in the Tugen Hills of north central Kenya mandates a revision of the hominoid genus Kenyapithecus, a possible early member of the great ape–human clade. The Tugen Hills specimen represents a new genus, which also incorporates all material previously referable to Kenyapithecus africanus. Primate - Primate - Miocene: The Miocene Epoch 23 million to 5.3 million years ago is probably the most fruitful for paleoprimatology. During this time, dramatic changes in geomorphology, climate, and vegetation took place. The Miocene was a period of volcanism and mountain building, during which the topography of the modern world was becoming established. Miocene large hominoids were arboreal animals adapted to climbing. The locomotor repertoire of early hominids was a mixture of bipedal locomotion and climbing, as indicated by the morphology of the limbs of Orrorin and Australopithecus. The study of locomotion must be.

Jan 06, 2015 · The Miocene hominoid Sivapithecus is restricted to the Indian subcontinent, with the majority of specimens having been recovered from the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan. At present, almost all Sivapithecus material is classified into three species: Sivapithecus indicus 12.7–11.4 Ma, Sivapithecus sivalensis ∼11–8.5 Ma, and Sivapithecus parvada 10.1 Ma ; a fourth possible species. Middle miocene hominoid, discovered near Lake Victoria in Kenya,; bilophodont molars,; OWM dental formula. 2:1:2:3 OW - Bilophodont- tooth form of monkeys. Parallel rows of cusp on molars. 4 - Hominoids have Y5 pattern on molars - Believed to be a descendent.

Fossils from a large-bodied hominoid from early Miocene sediments of Uganda, along with material recovered in the 1960s, show features of the shoulder and vertebral column that are significantly similar to those of living apes and humans. The large-bodied hominoid from Uganda dates to at least 20.6 million years ago and thus represents the oldest known hominoid sharing these derived characters. The main purpose of this chapter is to make some general comments on functional features of the morphology of some Miocene hominoid postcrania and on possible positional capabilities consistent. This paper reviews the non-dental morphological configuration of Miocene hominoids with special reference to the hypothesis of linear relationships between certain fossil species and living analogues. Metrical analysis of the wrist shows thatDryopithecus africanus andPliopithecus vindobonensis are unequivocally affiliated with the morphological pattern of quadrupedal monkeys. We describe a partial innominate, YGSP 41216, from a 12.3 Ma locality in the Siwalik Group of the Potwar Plateau in Pakistan, assigned to the Middle Miocene ape species Sivapithecus indicus. We investigate the implications of its morphology for reconstructing positional behavior of this ape. Elizabeth Strasser's 7 research works with 415 citations and 140 reads, including: Relative development of the hallux and pedal digit formulae in Cercopithecidae.

Of all Miocene apes, this one shares the most in common with australopithecines ~13 Ma DENTAL Thin enamel, minimal differential wear OTHER FACTS Pre-australopiths stage of human evolution Of all Miocene apes, this one shares the most in common with australopithecines Similar to Dryopithecus.

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